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Table 3 Fastness grades of dyed fabrics dyed with Quercus robur L. (fruit cups) and Salix alba L. (wood ash) adopting different mordanting methods

From: Dyeing and fastness properties of Quercus robur with natural mordants on natural fibre

Method Washing fastness Light fastness Rubbing fastness
Staining Fading
CC CS CC Dry Wet Dry Wet
Wool fabric
 Without mordant 4 4/5 4/5 4/5 4/5 5 4/5
 Pre-mordanting 4/5 5 4/5 5 5 5 5
 Simultaneous mordanting 4 5 4/5 5 4/5 5 4/5
 Post-mordanting 4 5 4/5 5 5 5 5
Silk fabric
 Without mordant 4/5 4/5 4/5 5 5 5 5
 Pre-mordanting 4/5 5 4/5 5 5 5 4/5
 Simultaneous mordanting 5 5 4/5 5 5 5 4/5
 Post-mordanting 5 5 4/5 5 5 5 5
Cotton fabric
 Without mordant 4/5 4/5 4 5 5 5 4/5
 Pre-mordanting 4/5 5 4/5 5 5 5 5
 Simultaneous mordanting 4 5 4 5 5 5 4/5
 Post-mordanting 4 5 4/5 5 5 5 5
Pashmina fabric
 Without mordant 4/5 5 4/5 4/5 4 5 5
 Pre-mordanting 5 5 4/5 4/5 4 5 5
 Simultaneous mordanting 4 5 4 5 5 5 4/5
 Post-mordanting 4/5 5 4/5 5 5 5 5
  1. CC colour change, CS colour staining